Candidates 

 

  If you wish to become a candidate for public office, please review the information on this page.  If you would like additional information, please contact the Montgomery Election Center.  The Election Center is non-partisan and candidate-neutral, but available to answer questions and provide information as needed.

General Qualifications for Public Office

Any candidate for public office in Alabama must be:

  • At least 18 years of age (minimum age requirement varies by office);
  • A registered voter;
  • A United States citizen (length of citizenship requirement varies by office); and
  • A resident of Alabama (length of residency requirement varies by office).

Minimum Qualifications (by office)



Office

Age

State Res.

U.S. Citizen

Term Length

Term Limit

U.S. Senate

30

1 day

9 years

6 years

None

U.S. House

25

1 day

7 years

2 years

None

Governor

30

7 years

10 years

4 years

2

Lt. Governor

30

7 years

10 years

4 years

2

Sec. of State

25

5 years

7 years

4 years

2

Atty. General

25

5 years

7 years

4 years

2

Auditor

25

5 years

7 years

4 years

2

Treasurer

25

5 years

7 years

4 years

2

Ag. Comm’r.

25

5 years

7 years

4 years

2

Pub. Srv. Comm.

18

1 day

1 day

4 years

None

Supreme Court

18

1 day

1 day

6 years

None

Civil Appeals

18

1 day

1 day

6 years

None

Crim. Appeals

18

1 day

1 day

6 years

None

State Bd. of Ed.

18

1 day

1 day

4 years

None

State Senate*

25

3 years

1 day

4 years

None

State House*

21

3 years

1 day

4 years

None

Circuit Judge*

18

1 year

1 day

6 years

None

District Judge*

18

1 year

1 day

6 years

None

District Atty.*

18

1 year

1 day

6 years

None

Probate Judge*

18

1 year

1 day

6 years

None

Circuit Clerk

18

1 day

1 day

6 years

None

Sheriff

18

1 day

1 day

4 years

None

Co. Bd. of Ed.*

18

1 day

1 day

6 years

None

County Comm.

18

1 day

1 day

4 years

None

Mayor*

18

90 days

1 day

4 years

None

City Council*

18

6 months

1 day

4 years

None



Becoming a Candidate

You may become a "candidate" for political office by:
  • Qualifying with a political party recognized by the State of Alabama;
  • Reaching the contribution/expenditure threshold for the office sought (see Fair Campaign Practices Act link); or
  • Filing a valid petition to gain ballot access as an independent or municipal candidate.

Within five (5) calendar days of becoming a candidate you must file the Appointment of Principal Campaign Committee form with the Secretary of State for all County or State office - or the Judge of Probate for all municipal offices (see Fair Campaign Practices Act link).


All candidates for political office and elected officials must file a Statement of Economic Interests with the Alabama Ethics Commission (see Candidate Forms link).