Candidates 

 

  If you wish to become a candidate for public office, please review the information on this page.  If you would like additional information, please contact the Montgomery Election Center.  The Election Center is non-partisan and candidate-neutral, but available to answer questions and provide information as needed.

General Qualifications for Public Office

Any candidate for public office in Alabama must be:

  • At least 18 years of age (minimum age requirement varies by office);
  • A registered voter;
  • A United States citizen (length of citizenship requirement varies by office); and
  • A resident of Alabama (length of residency requirement varies by office).

Minimum Qualifications (by office)



Office

Age

State Res.

U.S. Citizen

Term Length

Term Limit

U.S. Senate

30

1 day

9 years

6 years

None

U.S. House

25

1 day

7 years

2 years

None

Governor

30

7 years

10 years

4 years

2

Lt. Governor

30

7 years

10 years

4 years

2

Sec. of State

25

5 years

7 years

4 years

2

Atty. General

25

5 years

7 years

4 years

2

Auditor

25

5 years

7 years

4 years

2

Treasurer

25

5 years

7 years

4 years

2

Ag. Comm’r.

25

5 years

7 years

4 years

2

Pub. Srv. Comm.

18

1 day

1 day

4 years

None

Supreme Court

18

1 day

1 day

6 years

None

Civil Appeals

18

1 day

1 day

6 years

None

Crim. Appeals

18

1 day

1 day

6 years

None

State Bd. of Ed.

18

1 day

1 day

4 years

None

State Senate*

25

3 years

1 day

4 years

None

State House*

21

3 years

1 day

4 years

None

Circuit Judge*

18

1 year

1 day

6 years

None

District Judge*

18

1 year

1 day

6 years

None

District Atty.*

18

1 year

1 day

6 years

None

Probate Judge*

18

1 year

1 day

6 years

None

Circuit Clerk

18

1 day

1 day

6 years

None

Sheriff

18

1 day

1 day

4 years

None

Co. Bd. of Ed.*

18

1 day

1 day

4 years

None

County Comm.

18

1 day

1 day

4 years

None

Mayor*

18

90 days

1 day

4 years

None

City Council*

18

6 months

1 day

4 years

None



Becoming a Candidate

You may become a "candidate" for political office by:
  • Qualifying with a political party recognized by the State of Alabama;
  • Reaching the contribution/expenditure threshold for the office sought (see Fair Campaign Practices Act link); or
  • Filing a valid petition to gain ballot access as an independent or municipal candidate.

Within five (5) calendar days of becoming a candidate you must file the Appointment of Principal Campaign Committee form with the Secretary of State or Judge of Probate (see Fair Campaign Practices Act link).


All candidates for political office and elected officials must file a Statement of Economic Interests with the Alabama Ethics Commission (see Candidate Forms link).